EMIGRANT’S GUIDE

The Publisher, Wiley & Putnam, originally published a guide for Emigrants in 1845. 

 

The cover page includes:

            Emigrants Guide, comprising Advice and Instruction in every stage of the Voyage to America, also Information which the Emigrant needs upon arrival

 

“Emigrants landing at the large American seaports, without friends or advisers, often become the victims of sharpers, such as are to be found in all countries, ready to prey upon the credulous and unwary.”

 

The table of contents includes Chapters regarding, 1.  General Remarks (who should emigrate, choosing a ship etc), 2.  Preparation for the voyage, 3. Sleeping arrangements, 4. Last steps getting ready for sea, ie. Sea sickness, etc., 5.  Cooking at sea, 6.  Looking out for Sharpers, 7.  What shall I do upon arrival, 8.  Upon arrival, ie, clearing land, and scattering into the country, 9. Lonely feeling on landing, 10. Canal system in New York, 11. Route to New Orleans, 12.  Steamboats on the Great Lakes, 13. railway lines, 14.  Miscellaneous items ie, other railways, 15.  Irish Emigrant Society of New York.

 

One Emigrant’s Guide warning instructs people to check the height between decks. Another warning is to see how many water closets (bathrooms on board).  Another warning to check to see the ship is not heavily laden (rides low in the water) because that causes an uncomfortable ride.  Another is to know the character of the Captain and mates aboard.

 

For each week on board the ship, the individual should have the following food stuffs:

            Bread – 5 1/4 lbs

            Salted Beef – 1 lb

            Salted Pork – 1 ½ lbs

            Preserved Meat – 1 lb

            Flour – 1 ¾ lbs

            Raisins – 8 ozs

            Suet – 6 ozs

            Peas – 1 ½ pints

            Rice – 1 lb

            Tea – 1 lb

            Coffee – 1 ½ lbs

            Sugar – ¾ lb

            Butter – 6 ozs

            Water – 21 qts

            Pickled Cabbage – ½ pt

            Mustard – ½ oz

            Salt – 2 ozs

British law required the Captain of the ship to furnish each adult, daily, one gallon of water, one pound of bread stuff, each child under twelve years and over two years old get one half that amount.

 

Mormon Emigrants were highly organized and somewhat protected from the problems of other emigrants. 

 

From Castle Garden, New York, the I.W. Fox family undoubtedly took the train to Albany and on to Buffalo, 466 miles.  It cost $10.75 from Albany to Buffalo.